Journal of Orthopedics and Joint Surgery

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VOLUME 5 , ISSUE 1 ( January-June, 2023 ) > List of Articles

Original Article

Mechanical Alignment and Functional Outcome of Orthoalign Navigation System vs Conventional Total Knee Arthroplasty

Ahamed Sherif alias Irfan Sherif, AS Thennavan

Keywords : Conventional total knee replacement, Improved mechanical alignment, Navigation total knee replacement, Orthoalign navigation system, Prevents wear and implant loosening

Citation Information : Sherif AS, Thennavan A. Mechanical Alignment and Functional Outcome of Orthoalign Navigation System vs Conventional Total Knee Arthroplasty. 2023; 5 (1):1-6.

DOI: 10.5005/jp-journals-10079-1103

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 03-01-2023

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2023; The Author(s).


Abstract

Introduction and purpose: Total knee replacement (TKR) is a common surgical procedure done for severe knee joint degeneration and arthritis. The deviations of mechanical axis (MA) greater than 3× from the normal neutral alignment have been correlated with worsening of clinical outcomes, abnormal wear, premature loosening, and early implant failure. The failure of conventional total knee replacement (CTKR) to achieve within 3° of the MA accounts for 30% of the TKR being unable to produce the desirable results. This study intended to compare the alignment outcome of accelerometer-based portable navigation system (orthoalign) with CTKR. Materials and methods: This is a prospective study with 68 cases divided into two groups of 34 each in conventional and navigation. Study period is from July 2019 to July 2021 where patients underwent TKR procedure in Kovai Medical Center and Hospital, Coimbatore. Preoperative evaluation data include age, sex, BMI, diagnosis, side of pathology, and knee range of motion (ROM). Radiological evaluation was done by X-rays includes full-length standing scanogram, anteroposterior (AP) and lateral view. Functional outcome was assessed by Knee Society Score (KSS) interval of 1 month, 6 months, 1 year, and 2 years. Results and discussion: Navigation (orthoalign system) based TKR group showed improved mechanical alignment outcome compared to CTKR group but functional outcome was almost similar in both the groups which needs longer study duration and follow-up. Main objective of this study is to show improving mechanical alignment through navigation so that we can prevent abnormal wear, premature implant loosening, and failure.


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