Journal of Orthopedics and Joint Surgery

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VOLUME 6 , ISSUE 1 ( January-June, 2024 ) > List of Articles

ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLE

A Study of Functional and Radiological Outcome in Anterior Cervical Discectomy and Fusion with Stabilization in Posttraumatic Acute Central Cord Syndrome

Sivakumar Raju, Sudeep K Velur Nagendra, Vinoth Thangamani, Bharat K Ramalingam Jeyashankaran, D Abinav Annamalai

Keywords : Anterior cervical discectomy and fusion, American Spinal Injury Association score, Bridwell score, Central cord syndrome, Cervical spine injury, Modified Japanese Orthopedic Association score, Visual analog score

Citation Information : Raju S, Nagendra SK, Thangamani V, Jeyashankaran BK, Annamalai DA. A Study of Functional and Radiological Outcome in Anterior Cervical Discectomy and Fusion with Stabilization in Posttraumatic Acute Central Cord Syndrome. 2024; 6 (1):1-11.

DOI: 10.5005/jojs-10079-1135

License: CC BY-NC 4.0

Published Online: 12-01-2024

Copyright Statement:  Copyright © 2024; The Author(s).


Abstract

Background: Spinal injuries account for around 6% of overall trauma patients, of which cervical spine injuries contribute >50%. Central cord syndrome (CCS) is the most common subtype of incomplete spinal cord and accounts for around 15–25% of all cases. The aim of this study is to assess the functional and radiological outcomes of posttraumatic acute CCS treated with anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) with stabilization. Materials and methods: It is a prospective study done between October 2020 and September 2022 in the Department of Orthopaedics, Preethi Hospital. Our study consists of 23 patients with posttraumatic CCS treated with ACDF with stabilization. Neurological and functional outcomes were assessed using the modified Japanese Orthopedic Association (mJOA) scale, visual analog score (VAS), and American Spinal Injury Association (ASIA) score at regular intervals of 3 and 6 months and 1 and 2 years, respectively. Results: Our study population comprised 19 males and four females with posttraumatic acute CCS. The average follow-up was 12–24 months. Out of 23 patients, 13 had single-level fusion, and 10 patients had double-level fusion surgery. In our study, preoperative (pre-op) mean VAS decreased from 7.6 ± 0.84 to 6.9 ± 1.6 postoperatively, and the mean mJOA score decreased from 8.2 ± 2.2 to 14.5 ± 2.0 postoperatively were statistically significant. On comparing pre-op and postoperative ASIA neurological grading, statistically significant improvement of ASIA grades. Radiological outcomes according to Bridwell's fusion criteria in computer tomography (CT) were also excellent. Conclusion: To conclude, we recommended surgical decompression with ACDF as the current mode of treatment with excellent functional and radiological outcomes with long-term results for posttraumatic CCS.


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